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Brain Cogn. 2003 Jul;52(2):250-7.

Implicit learning of complex information in amnesia.

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  • 1Neuropsychology Unit, University of Liège, Boulevard du Rectorat B33, B-4000, Liège, Belgium. thierry.meulemans@ulg.ac.be

Abstract

Implicit learning abilities of nine amnesic patients were explored by using an artificial grammar learning task in which the test strings were constructed in such a way that grammaticality judgments could not be based on a simple knowledge of bigrams and trigrams (chunks). Results show that amnesic patients and controls performed at the same level during the classification task, whereas amnesic patients performed worse than controls in an explicit generation task. Moreover, there was no correlation between the implicit and explicit measures. These results are compatible with the existence of two kinds of representation intervening in artificial grammar learning. The first one based on processes leading to fragment-specific knowledge (the chunks, which can be accessed explicitly), and the second based on the learning of simple associations and more complex conditional relations between elements.

PMID:
12821108
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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