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Memory. 2003 Mar;11(2):151-63.

Emotion regulation during social remembering: differences between emotions elicited during an event and emotions elicited when talking about it.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84112, USA.


This paper examines emotion regulation as a function of autobiographical remembering in social contexts. Two studies (n = 38 and 123, respectively) are presented that provide evidence that autobiographical remembering in social settings can result in changes in the emotions associated with an experience. However, the results also suggest that whether changes occur depends on features of the recall context, including the gender of participants, and the responses of their listeners. Across both studies, men showed greater emotional benefits from talking about events than women. Moreover, greater listener agreement was associated with greater benefits for emotion. The results are discussed in terms of functions of autobiographical remembering, gender, social support, and emotion regulation.

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