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Am J Gastroenterol. 2003 Jun;98(6):1252-6.

Predictors of early recurrence of benign esophageal strictures.

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  • 1Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, The University of Wisconsin Hospital, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

In the era of liberal proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use, benign esophageal strictures remain a significant management problem, with 30-40% of patients experiencing symptomatic recurrence within 1 yr of successful dilation. We therefore sought to examine predictors of early recurrence of benign esophageal strictures after endoscopic dilation.

METHODS:

Predictors for stricture recurrence were examined in 87 consecutive outpatients undergoing initial dilation over a 1-yr period. Patients with symptomatic recurrence of dysphagia requiring repeat dilation within 1 yr of initial successful dilation (cases) were compared to patients who did not require redilation (controls). Predictors were assessed by univariate and multivariate analysis. Kaplan-Meier analysis of significant predictors using time to first redilation was also performed.

RESULTS:

Of the patients, 36 required repeat dilation within 1 yr, whereas 51 did not (median follow-up, 33 months). Of all strictures, 67 (77%) were peptic, with the remainder caused by radiation, drug-related injury, or congenital stenosis, among other causes. In multivariate analysis, nonpeptic strictures were significant predictors for early recurrence, as was a narrower stricture diameter. For peptic strictures, the persistence of heartburn after dilation and the presence of a hiatal hernia were significant predictors. Of all peptic strictures, 84% of patients were on PPIs after dilation, with no difference between cases and controls. Of all patients with persistent heartburn after dilation, 90% were on PPIs.

CONCLUSIONS:

The persistence of heartburn after dilation is a strong predictor for early symptomatic recurrence of benign esophageal peptic strictures, despite a high rate of PPI use. This may suggest persistent acid reflux requiring optimization of acid reduction therapy. Alternatively, combined acid and alkaline reflux may account for progressive injury despite PPI therapy. Esophageal pH studies may be invaluable in making the distinction between acid and non-acidic (alkaline) reflux. Nonpeptic strictures are also more likely to have early recurrences and are therefore more difficult to manage.

PMID:
12818265
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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