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Anal Bioanal Chem. 2003 Jul;376(5):631-8. Epub 2003 Jun 17.

Complexation of uranium(VI) with protocatechuic acid-application of iterative transformation factor analysis to EXAFS spectroscopy.

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  • 1Forschungszentrum Rossendorf e.V., Institute of Radiochemistry, P.O. Box 510119, 01314, Dresden, Germany.


The speciation of 1 mM uranium(VI) in carbonate-free aqueous solutions of 50 mM protocatechuic acid (PCA, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid) was studied in the pH range of 4.0 to 6.8 using EXAFS spectroscopy. The uranium L(III)-edge EXAFS spectra were analyzed using a newly developed computer algorithm for iterative transformation factor analysis (FA). Two structural different uranium(VI) complexes were observed. The speciation in the pH range of 4.0 to 4.8 is dominated by a 1:2 or 1:3 uranium(VI)/PCA complex with bidentate coordination of the carboxyl group to the uranium(VI) moiety. Already at pH 4.6 significant amounts of a second species are formed. This uranium(VI) species contains two PCA ligands that are bound to the uranium via their neighboring phenolic hydroxyl groups under formation of five-member rings.

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