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J Gen Virol. 2003 Jul;84(Pt 7):1677-86.

Gene expression analysis of murine cells producing amphotropic mouse leukaemia virus at a cultivation temperature of 32 and 37 degrees C.

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  • 1Molecular Biotechnology, German Research Centre for Biotechnology, GBF, Mascheroder Weg 1, D-38124 Braunschweig, Germany.


Cultivation of retrovirus packaging cells at 32 degrees C represents a common procedure to achieve high titres in mouse retrovirus production. Gene expression profiling of mouse NIH 3T3 cells producing amphotropic mouse leukaemia virus 4070A revealed that 10 % of the 1176 cellular genes investigated were regulated by temperature shift (37/32 degrees C), while 5 % were affected by retrovirus infection. Strikingly, retrovirus production at 32 degrees C activated the cholesterol biosynthesis/transport pathway and caused an increase in plasma membrane cholesterol levels. Furthermore, these conditions resulted in transcriptional activation of smoothened (smo), patched (ptc) and gli-1; Smo, Ptc and Gli-1, as well as cholesterol, are components of the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signalling pathway, which directs pattern formation, diversification and tumourigenesis in mammalian cells. These findings suggest a link between cultivation at 32 degrees C, production of MLV-A and the Shh signalling pathway.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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