Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Clin Chem. 1992 Dec;38(12):2405-10.

Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency: diagnostic methodology.

Author information

  • 1Department of Child Health, Institute of Child Health, London, UK.

Abstract

Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (EC. 4.1.1.28) deficiency is a newly described inborn error of metabolism that affects serotonin and dopamine biosynthesis. The major biochemical markers for this disease are increases of L-dopa, 3-methoxytyrosine, and 5-hydroxytryptophan in urine, plasma, and cerebrospinal fluid together with decreased cerebrospinal fluid concentrations of homovanillic acid and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid. In addition, concentrations of vanillactic acid are increased in the urine. Specific HPLC and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry methods are described that permit the identification and measurement of these metabolites in the above body fluids. Simplified assays for human plasma L-dopa decarboxylase and liver L-dopa and 5-hydroxytryptophan decarboxylase, used to demonstrate the enzyme deficiency, are also reported.

PMID:
1281049
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Write to the Help Desk