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Eur J Dermatol. 2003 May-Jun;13(3):311-2.

Demodicidosis in a child with xantholeukaemia associated with type 1 neurofibromatosis.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, 2 Place Saint Jacques, 25030 Besançon Cedex, France.


Although Demodex follicularum and Demodex brevis are common permanent ectoparasites of human pilosebaceous units, their incidence on children's skin is rare. We report a new case of demodicidosis in a 22-month-old girl undergoing chemotherapy for chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia associated with xanthoma and type 1 neurofibromatosis. The eruption cleared after oral and topical metronidazole therapy. Demodicidosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of facial eruption in immunosuppressed children.

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