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Int J Cancer. 2003 Aug 20;106(2):244-51.

Novel tumor antigens identified by autologous antibody screening of childhood medulloblastoma cDNA libraries.

Author information

  • 1Kinderklinik, Hämatologie-Onkologie, Technische Universität, München, Germany. uta.behrends@yahoo.de

Abstract

Medulloblastoma is an embryonal childhood malignancy with poor prognosis. By screening 4 medulloblastoma cDNA expression libraries (SEREX) with autologous sera, 15 different antigens were identified. These antigens were encoded by 3 novel genes, genes of unknown function (KIAA0445, KIAA1853, KIAA0665, FLJ13942, HSPC213), a proto-oncogene (rab18), candidate tumor suppressor genes (BAP1, PRDM13) and genes encoding a motor protein (kinesin-2), a histone (H2A1.2), the ankyrin residue-rich nasopharyngeal cancer susceptibility protein (NZ16) and the transcription factor TZP, which is homologous to the tumor-associated antigens HCA58 and GLEA2. In a consecutive analysis of serum antibody titers and tumor load, a more than 10-fold increase in serum antibodies against PRDM13 preceded the clinical diagnosis of recurrent tumor growth in a patient with aggressive large cell medulloblastoma. When sera of pediatric patients with cancer (n = 40) and healthy controls (n = 40) were tested for humoral responses against the SEREX-defined antigens, 5 antigens were exclusively recognized by sera from cancer patients. These antigens included a novel rab18 gene product translated from mRNA sequences formerly described as 3' untranslated region. Humoral responses against 2 of the remaining 10 antigens were found preferentially in cancer patients. Antibodies against these antigens were detected in 8/40 and 12/40 cancer patients, respectively, but in only 1 healthy control. The 2 antigens were characterized by a tumor-specific deletion and a tumor-specific mutation, respectively. These findings indicate that the humoral immune response against medulloblastoma is directed against diverse antigens that may be useful as diagnostic markers or targets for immunotherapy.

Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
12800201
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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