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Science. 2003 Jun 6;300(5625):1584-7.

Nod1 detects a unique muropeptide from gram-negative bacterial peptidoglycan.

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  • 1Unité de Pathogénie Microbienne Moléculaire, INSERM U389, Institut Pasteur, 28, Rue du Dr. Roux, 75724Paris Cedex 15, France.

Abstract

Although the role of Toll-like receptors in extracellular bacterial sensing has been investigated intensively, intracellular detection of bacteria through Nod molecules remains largely uncharacterized. Here, we show that human Nod1 specifically detects a unique diaminopimelate-containing N-acetylglucosamine-N-acetylmuramic acid (GlcNAc-MurNAc) tripeptide motif found in Gram-negative bacterial peptidoglycan, resulting in activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB pathway. Moreover, we show that in epithelial cells (which represent the first line of defense against invasive pathogens), Nod1is indispensable for intracellular Gram-negative bacterial sensing.

PMID:
12791997
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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