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Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2003 Jun;24(6):610-4.

Antisense oligodeoxynucleotide inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor expression in U937 foam cells.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.



To study the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induced by oxidized low density liporotein (ox-LDL) and the inhibitory effects of antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (asODN) on the levels of VEGF protein and mRNA in the U937 foam cells.


U937 cells were incubated with ox-LDL 80 mg/L for 48 h, then, the foam cells were treated with asODN (0, 5, 10, and 20 micromol/L). The VEGF concentration in the media was determined by ELISA. The VEGF protein expression level in cells was measured by immuohistochemistry; the positive ratio detected by a morphometrical analysis system was used as the amount of the VEGF expression level. The VEGF mRNA level was examined by Northern blotting.


After U937 cells were incubated with ox-LDL, VEGF expression level increased greatly both in the cells and in the media. asODN markedly inhibited the increase of VEGF. After treatment with asODN 20 micromol/L, the VEGF protein concentration in the media decreased by 45.0%, the VEGF positive ratio detected by immuohistochemistry in cells decreased by 64.9%, and the VEGF mRNA level decreased by 47.1%.


The expression of VEGF in U937 foam cells was strong. asODN inhibited VEGF expression significantly in U937 foam cells in vitro.

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