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Br J Pharmacol. 2003 Jun;139(3):661-71.

Endothelium-dependent relaxation and endothelial hyperpolarization by P2Y receptor agonists in rat-isolated mesenteric artery.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1PD, UK.

Abstract

(1) Vasorelaxation and hyperpolarization of endothelial cells by adenosine 5'-[beta-thio]diphosphate (ADPbetaS) and adenosine 5'-[gamma-thio]triphosphate (ATPgammaS) were studied in rat-isolated mesenteric artery. Effects from stimulation of P2X receptors were avoided by desensitization with alpha,beta-methylene adenosine triphosphate. (2) ADPbetaS caused concentration- and endothelium-dependent relaxations of methoxamine-precontracted small (third generation) and main mesenteric artery. These were inhibited by N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) or a combination of apamin plus charybdotoxin (inhibitors of Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels); L-NAME, apamin and charybdotoxin applied together abolished the response. (3) ATPgammaS induced limited relaxation (35% of methoxamine-induced tone at 10 micro M) of small mesenteric artery, which was sensitive to L-NAME or endothelium denudation. However, it almost completely relaxed the main mesenteric artery over an extended concentration range (>6 orders of magnitude) in an endothelium-dependent manner. This relaxation was inhibited by either L-NAME or a combination of apamin with charybdotoxin, and abolished by a combination of all the three inhibitors. (4) The P2Y(1) receptor antagonist MRS 2179 (2'-deoxy-N(6)-methyladenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate; 0.3-3 micro M) caused parallel rightward shifts of the concentration/relaxation curve to ADPbetaS (pA(2)=7.1). However, MRS 2179 did not inhibit, but potentiated, relaxant responses to ATPgammaS. MRS 2179 did not affect the contractile responses ATPgammaS in small mesenteric artery; ATPgammaS did not contract the main mesenteric artery. (5) ADPbetaS hyperpolarized the endothelium of the main mesenteric artery in a concentration-dependent manner. This was unaffected by L-NAME but antagonized by MRS 2179. ATPgammaS also hyperpolarized the mesenteric artery endothelium in a concentration-dependent manner but, when ATPgammaS was applied at 10 micro M, its effect was potentiated by MRS 2179 (3 micro M). (6) It is concluded that both relaxation and hyperpolarization to ADPbetaS are mediated by P2Y(1) receptors and that the endothelial hyperpolarization is related to the L-NAME-resistant relaxation. Relaxation to the P2Y(2) agonist ATPgammaS shows regional variation along the mesenteric vasculature. The mechanisms for potentiation of relaxation and hyperpolarization by ATPgammaS are unknown, but may indicate interactions between P2Y receptor subtypes.

PMID:
12788826
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1573870
Free PMC Article
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