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J Clin Periodontol. 2002;29 Suppl 3:163-72; discussion 195-6.

Supportive periodontal care: the effect of periodic subgingival debridement compared with supragingival prophylaxis with respect to clinical outcomes.

Author information

  • 1School of Dental Science, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. p.a.heasman@ncl.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The programme of supportive periodontal care (SPC) is essential to the long-term stability of patients with chronic periodontitis. The clinical strategy for SPC is often determined according to 'clinical needs' of the patient and is thus determined by clinical observation and individual decision-making rather than being based on the best available clinical evidence.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effectiveness of supragingival prophylaxis vs. sub-gingival debridement for SPC following the treatment of chronic periodontitis.

SEARCH STRATEGY:

Computerized for Medline and the Cochrane Oral Health Group Specialty Trials Register. Hand searching of the Journals of Clinical Periodontology, Periodontal Research and Periodontology. Reference lists from relevant articles were scanned and the authors of eligible studies were contacted to obtain additional information.

SELECTION CRITERIA:

Studies were selected if they were designed as a prospective clinical trial in which patients with chronic periodontitis had followed a programme of SPC, which included at least one of the regimens of interest in part of the mouth, for a minimum of 12 months.

DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS:

Information regarding methods, patients, interventions (SPC), outcome measures and results were extracted independently, in duplicate, by two reviewers (P.A.H., G.McC.). Absent data were recorded as such and incomplete data were sought from the researchers wherever possible.

RESULTS:

In all, 28 papers were identified by the manual and electronic searches; 11 papers were eligible for inclusion. Only one study reported a direct comparison of the two SPCs of interest. The data were reported as mean changes in probing depth and attachment level between baseline and the 12-month follow-up point. For coronal scaling DeltaPD = 0.59 mm [0.13], DeltaAL = -0.13 mm [0.19]. For subgingival debridement DeltaPD = 0.37 mm [0.15], DeltaAL = -0.14 mm [0.18]. There were no significant differences between the SPC regimens. The weighted mean DeltaPD [95% confidence intervals] for the five additional studies that reported supragingival prophylaxis as the SPC regimen was 1.15 mm [-0.17, 2.38]. The weighted mean DeltaPD [95% confidence intervals] for the four studies that reported subgingival debridement as the SPC regimen was 0.56 mm [0.37, 1.47]. The difference between the SPC treatments for the mean DeltaPD is therefore 0.23 mm. The confidence interval for the combined studies was very wide [0.37, 1.47] and very little additional information is gained unless some strong assumptions are made about the comparability of the populations from which the samples are drawn. Such an assumption was not considered appropriate. The weighted mean DeltaAL [95% confidence intervals] for the six additional studies that reported supragingival prophylaxis as the SPC regimen was 0.18 mm [-0.38, 0.74]. The weighted mean DeltaAL [95% confidence intervals] for the six additional studies that reported supragingival prophylaxis as the SPC regimen was 0.50 mm [0.11, 0.89]. The difference between the SPC treatments for mean DeltaAL is 0.32 mm. The confidence interval [-0.36, 1.00] is very wide and the data from the additional studies provide little extra information than that reported in the one study that compared the treatments directly.

CONCLUSION:

It is not possible to make any firm recommendations regarding clinical practice based on the crude meta-analysis and the review of these 11 studies. The best available evidence indicates that SPC regimens of supragingival prophylaxis and subgingival debridement are comparable with respect to the clinical outcomes of probing depth and attachment levels at 12 months post non-surgical treatment.

PMID:
12787216
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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