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Behav Res Ther. 2003 Jul;41(7):755-76.

Assessment of psychopathology across and within cultures: issues and findings.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, 410 Moore Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA. jdg1@psu.edu

Abstract

Research based information on the impact of culture on psychopathology is reviewed, with particular reference to depression, somatization, schizophrenia, anxiety, and dissociation. A number of worldwide constants in the incidence and mode of expression of psychological disorders are identified, especially in relation to schizophrenia and depression. The scope of variation of psychopathological manifestations across cultures is impressive. Two tasks for future investigations involve the determination of the generic relationship between psychological disturbance and culture and the specification of links between cultural characteristics and psychopathology. To this end, hypotheses are advanced pertaining to the cultural dimensions investigated by Hofstede and their possible reflection in psychiatric symptomatology. It is concluded that the interrelationship of culture and psychopathology should be studied in context and that observer, institution, and community variables should be investigated together with the person's experience of distress and disability.

PMID:
12781244
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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