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J Trauma. 2003 May;54(5):925-9.

Multiplicity of solid organ injury: influence on management and outcomes after blunt abdominal trauma.

Author information

  • 1Department of Surgery, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, 23298, USA. akmalhot@hsc.vcu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The current study was undertaken to examine how concomitant injury to liver and spleen after blunt abdominal trauma affects management and outcomes.

METHODS:

This study was a retrospective chart review of all blunt abdominal trauma patients admitted with a diagnosis of liver or spleen injury at two Level I trauma centers over a 4-year period. Presentation, injury grade, management, and outcomes were analyzed. Patients with single-organ injury (liver or spleen) were compared with patients having injury to both organs (liver and spleen). Significance was set at 95% confidence intervals.

RESULTS:

Of 1,288 patients who met entry criteria, 1,125 had single (spleen, 573; liver, 552) organ injury (group S) and 163 had injury to both organs (group B). Group B patients had significantly higher Injury Severity Score, higher admission lactate, and lower admission systolic blood pressure and base excess. Eighty-one percent (915 of 1,125) of group S and 69% (112 of 163) of group B patients were managed nonoperatively (p < 0.05). Of the nonoperatively managed patients, 5.8% (53 of 915) in group S and 11.6% (13 of 112) in group B failed this form of therapy (p < 0.05). Higher failure rate in group B was because of bleeding from injured solid organ(s), and not non-solid organ related failures. Mortality, intensive care unit and hospital lengths of stay, and transfusion requirements were all significantly higher in group B.

CONCLUSION:

Blunt trauma patients with concomitant injury to liver and spleen have higher Injury Severity Score, mortality, lengths of stay, and transfusion requirements. There is a higher failure rate with nonoperative management, and therefore extra vigilance is warranted when choosing this form of therapy in the presence of injury to both organs.

PMID:
12777905
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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