Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Microbiology. 2003 Jun;149(Pt 6):1447-60.

The THI5 gene family of Saccharomyces cerevisiae: distribution of homologues among the hemiascomycetes and functional redundancy in the aerobic biosynthesis of thiamin from pyridoxine.

Author information

  • 1Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK.

Abstract

The THI5 gene family of Saccharomyces cerevisiae comprises four highly conserved members named THI5 (YFL058w), THI11 (YJR156c), THI12 (YNL332w) and THI13 (YDL244w). Each gene copy is located within the subtelomeric region of a different chromosome and all are homologues of the Schizosaccharomyces pombe nmt1 gene which is thought to function in the biosynthesis of hydroxymethylpyrimidine (HMP), a precursor of vitamin B(1), thiamin. A comprehensive phylogenetic study has shown that the existence of THI5 as a gene family is exclusive to those yeasts of the Saccharomyces sensu stricto subgroup. To determine the function and redundancy of each of the S. cerevisiae homologues, all combinations of the single, double, triple and quadruple deletion mutants were constructed using a PCR-mediated gene-disruption strategy. Phenotypic analyses of these mutant strains have shown the four genes to be functionally redundant in terms of HMP formation for thiamin biosynthesis; each promotes synthesis of HMP from the pyridoxine (vitamin B(6)) biosynthetic pathway. Furthermore, growth studies with the quadruple mutant strain support a previous proposal of an alternative HMP biosynthetic pathway that operates in yeast under anaerobic growth conditions. Comparative analysis of mRNA levels has revealed subtle differences in the regulation of the four genes, suggesting that they respond differently to nutrient limitation.

PMID:
12777485
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk