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J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2003 Jun;41(6):838-48.

Modulation of ventricular fibrillation in isolated perfused heart by dofetilide.

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  • 1Neufeld Cardiac Research Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel.


The authors studied the involvement of IKr potassium current in ventricular fibrillation during perfusion. Electrophysiologic parameters were measured before and after dofetilide administration (2.5, 7.5, and 12.5 x 10-7 M, n = 8) in isolated perfused feline hearts. During pacing, these parameters included epicardial conduction time, refractoriness, and the fastest rate for 1:1 pacing/response capture. During 8 minutes of electrically induced tachyarrhythmias, they included heart rate and normalized entropy reflecting the degree of organization. In all groups, arrhythmia rate was slower in the right ventricle than in the left ventricle. Dofetilide decreased the arrhythmia rate more than it increased organization, reduced its maintenance, or increased difficulty in initiation. Refractoriness was prolonged in a reverse use-dependent way which was less than 1:1 pacing/response capture. Unexpectedly, a moderate prolongation of conduction time was observed. Inverse correlation was found between the arrhythmia rate and changes in refractoriness and conduction time and between the degree of organization and refractoriness (both ventricles) and conduction time (right ventricle). Dofetilide, which intensively blocks IKr current and unexpectedly suppressed conduction, has different quantitative effects on fibrillation features. These changes in fibrillation suggest that these effects are mainly associated with refractoriness prolongation and do not seem to be attenuated by conduction suppression.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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