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J Insect Physiol. 1999 Oct;45(10):939-945.

Bombyxin secretion in the adult silkmoth Bombyx mori: sex-specificity and its correlation with metabolism.

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  • 1Division of Biology, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan


Changes in the hemolymph bombyxin titer of the adult silkmoth Bombyx mori were investigated by time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay. Immediately after eclosion, hemolymph bombyxin titers were low in both males and females, and then increased steeply in males to a very high level and this high titer was maintained for at least 3 h, whereas the titer increment in females was small and transient. The difference in the change of bombyxin titer between males and females suggests that bombyxin is responsible for the regulation of physiological changes underlying sexually different activities of the adult moths. However, no evidence was obtained that bombyxin controls adult metabolism as far as the effects of bombyxin on the concentrations of carbohydrates and lipids in the hemolymph were investigated. The change in the hemolymph trehalose concentration was almost the same between sexes, and between intact and neck-ligated moths. Furthermore, bombyxin injection did not affect the hemolymph trehalose concentration nor trehalase activity in the muscle. Although the hemolymph lipid concentration rose after eclosion in males, it was not influenced by bombyxin. These results exhibit striking contrast to the results of our previous study, in which bombyxin showed hypotrehalosemic activity in the larval stage, thus indicating that the action of bombyxin changes during metamorphosis.

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