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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2003 Sep;306(3):1174-81. Epub 2003 May 23.

The orally available spleen tyrosine kinase inhibitor 2-[7-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-imidazo[1,2-c]pyrimidin-5-ylamino]nicotinamide dihydrochloride (BAY 61-3606) blocks antigen-induced airway inflammation in rodents.

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  • 1Research Center Kyoto, Bayer Yakuhin, Ltd, Japan. noriyuki.yamamoto.ny@bayer.co.jp


Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) tyrosine kinase plays essential roles in receptors for Fc portion of immunoglobulins and B cell receptor complex signaling in various inflammatory cells; therefore, inhibitors of Syk kinase may show potential as antiasthmatic/allergic therapeutics. We identified 2-[7-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-imidazo[1,2-c]pyrimidin-5-ylamino]-nicotinamide dihydrochloride (BAY 61-3606), a potent (Ki = 7.5 nM) and selective inhibitor of Syk kinase. BAY 61-3606 inhibited not only degranulation (IC50 values between 5 and 46 nM) but also lipid mediator and cytokine synthesis in mast cells. BAY 61-3606 was highly efficacious in basophils obtained from healthy human subjects (IC50 = 10 nM) and seems to be at least as potent in basophils obtained from atopic (high serum IgE) subjects (IC50 = 8.1 nM). B cell receptor activation and receptors for Fc portion of IgG signaling in eosinophils and monocytes were also potently suppressed by BAY 61-3606. Oral administration of BAY 61-3606 to rats significantly suppressed antigen-induced passive cutaneous anaphylactic reaction, bronchoconstriction, and bronchial edema at 3 mg/kg. Furthermore, BAY 61-3606 attenuated antigen-induced airway inflammation in rats. Based on these anti-inflammatory effects of BAY 61-3606 both in vitro and in vivo, it was demonstrated that Syk may play a very critical role in the pathogenesis of allergic reactions.

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