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Amyloid. 2003 Mar;10(1):12-6.

Serum amyloid A1 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha alleles in Turkish familial Mediterranean fever patients with and without amyloidosis.

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  • 1Departments of Pediatric Molecular Genetics and Pediatric Nephrology, University of Ankara, Ankara, Turkey.


The major complication of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is AA amyloidosis. The influence of FMF gene (MEFV) mutations and/or unknown environmental factors and other genetic modifiers are likely to affect the phenotypic variations of the disease and the development of amyloidosis. Serum amyloid A is a serum precursor of AA amyloid that is induced by inflammatory cytokines including TNF-alpha. Our analysis of SAA1.1 frequency in Turkish FMF-amyloidosis patients, revealed a higher frequency compared to non FMF-amyloidosis patients but the difference was not significant. On the other hand, the distribution of SAA1.1 homozygosity among FMF-amyloidosis patients was 55.5% compared to FMF-non-amyloidosis patients (30.8%) which was statistically significant revealing a 2.5 fold risk for the occurrence of amyloidosis. There was no significant difference between the controls and FMF patients with and without amyloidosis for the TNF-alpha-308 G-A allele. It is worth noting that all TNF-alpha-308 G-A carriers (n = 6) in FMF-amyloidosis group have SAA1.1 homozygosity compared to 2/11 in FMF-non-amyloidosis group. Further evaluation of these polymorphisms may have importance and need further study.

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