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Eur J Pediatr. 2003 Jun;162(6):391-6. Epub 2003 Mar 20.

Inpatient treatment of obese children: a multicomponent programme without stringent calorie restriction.

Author information

  • 1Department of Developmental and Personality Psychology, Ghent University, H. Dunantlaan 2, Belgium. Caroline.Braet@rug.ac.be

Abstract

This prospective clinical case-control study describes the effect of an inpatient multicomponent treatment programme for obese children and adolescents on their weight and psychological well being. We studied 38 patients and 38 controls on the waiting list, matched for age and gender, referred because of obesity, with a median age of 13 years (range 10-17 years) and a median adjusted body mass index (BMI) of 173% (range 130%-257%). The treatment consisted of a 10-month inpatient programme focussing on attaining a healthy lifestyle by increasing physical activity and offering a healthy diet within a cognitive-behavioural framework. At base line, at the end of the treatment, 6 months and 14 months after completion of the treatment, the adjusted BMI was calculated and psychological variables were measured with the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire, the Eating Disorder Inventory and the Self-Perception Profile for Children. All patients lost weight during treatment (median -48% of the adjusted BMI, range -4% to -102%), in contrast to the non-treated control subjects (median +6%, range -29% to +27%). The children treated developed a higher self-esteem and were more capable of coping with external eating stimuli. They did not develop anorexia nor bulimia nervosa. At the 6-months follow-up, a median increase in the adjusted BMI of +6% (range -19% to +37%) was found; with an additional increase of +4% (range -30% to +41%) at 14-months follow-up.

CONCLUSION:

a multicomponent long-term inpatient treatment programme is a valuable treatment option for obese children, with a lasting effect up to 14 months post-treatment. Nevertheless, more research is needed to characterise those children who regain weight after treatment and how this may be prevented.

PMID:
12756560
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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