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J Biol Chem. 2003 Jul 25;278(30):27636-43. Epub 2003 May 19.

Aft1p and Aft2p mediate iron-responsive gene expression in yeast through related promoter elements.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, USA.


The transcription factors Aft1p and Aft2p from Saccharomyces cerevisiae regulate the expression of genes that are involved in iron homeostasis. In vitro studies have shown that both transcription factors bind to an iron-responsive element (FeRE) that is present in the upstream region of genes in the iron regulon. We have used DNA microarrays to distinguish the genes that are activated by Aft1p and Aft2p and to establish for the first time that each factor gives rise to a unique transcriptional profile due to the differential expression of individual iron-regulated genes. We also show that both Aft1p and Aft2p mediate the in vivo expression of FET3 and FIT3 through a consensus FeRE. In addition, both proteins regulate MRS4 via a variant FeRE with Aft2p being the stronger activator from this particular element. Like other paralogous pairs of transcription factors within S. cerevisiae, Aft1p and Aft2p are able to interact with the same promoter elements while maintaining specificity of gene activation.

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