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Mol Cell Biol. 2003 Jun;23(11):3774-87.

Regulation of BRCA1 transcription by specific single-stranded DNA binding factors.

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  • 1Kimmel Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA.


Since the majority of high-grade breast cancers express reduced levels of BRCA1 mRNA, we investigated the factors regulating BRCA1 transcription. Factors with specific affinity for the previously identified positive regulatory region (PRR) in the BRCA1 promoter were purified from whole-cell extracts. Identified proteins included replication protein A and a series of related factors with affinity for the sense strand of PRR. A subset of the identified factors activated the BRCA1 promoter. Identification of these families of proteins regulating the BRCA1 promoter represents an important step in the comprehension of the mechanisms responsible for breast cancer development.

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