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Oral Oncol. 2003 Jul;39(5):515-20.

Establishment of an oral squamous cell carcinoma cell line with high invasive and p27 degradation activities from a lymph node metastasis.

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  • 1Department of Oral Maxillofacial Pathobiology, Division of Frontier Medical Science, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8553, Japan.


The extent of lymph node metastasis is a major determinant in the prognosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We present here a new OSCC cell line, MSCC-1, established from a lymph node metastasis of a patient with OSCC of gingiva. First, we examined the expression of p27, p53 and Ki-67 in non-neoplastic mucosa, primary and metastatic cancer lesions by immunohistochemistry. Metastatic cancer cells in the lymph node showed the reduced expression of p27 in comparison with cancer cells in the primary lesion. Cancer celLs both in the primary and metastatic lesions showed overexpression of p53 and Ki-67. Overexpression of p53 and reduced expression of p27 in MSCC-1 cells were also determined by western blot analysis. To characterize MSCC-1 cells, furthermore, we examined the invasive activity and cell proliferation of MSCC-1, comparing with those of other OSCC cell lines, HSC-2 and HSC-3 cells. The invasive capacity of MSCC-1 cells was significant higher than HSC-2 and HSC-3 cells, but cell growth of MSCC-1 cells was slower than HSC-2 and HSC-3 cells. Moreover, we examined the p27 degradation activity by in vitro degradation assay. Interestingly, MSCC-1 cells have the strongest p27 degradation activity among the OSCC cell lines examined. In the present study, we newly established MSCC-1 cells with strong invasiveness and p27 degradation activity from a metastatic lesion. These findings suggest that high activity of p27 degradation may concern with invasiveness of OSCC cells and that MSCC-1 cells can be a useful cell model for studying the detailed mechanism of p27 degradation, invasion and metastasis of OSCC.

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