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J Cell Biol. 2003 May 12;161(3):459-60.

Holey barrier: claudins and the regulation of brain endothelial permeability.

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  • 1Division of Cell Biology, Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, UK. k.matter@ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

Endothelial tight junctions (TJs)* are an important functional part of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). In this issue, Nitta et al. (2003) demonstrate that claudin-5, a transmembrane protein of TJs, is a critical determinant of BBB permeability in mice. Unexpectedly, knockout of claudin-5 did not result in a general breakdown of TJs but in a selective increase in paracellular permeability of small molecules. This suggests that the BBB can be manipulated to allow selective diffusion of small molecules and makes claudin-5 a possible target for the development of drugs for this purpose.

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