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BJOG. 2003 May;110(5):485-91.

Randomised comparison of uterine artery Doppler and aspirin (100 mg) with placebo in nulliparous women: the Essai Régional Aspirine Mère-Enfant study (Part 2).

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the effectiveness of a pre-eclampsia prevention strategy based on routine uterine artery Doppler flow velocity waveform examination during the second trimester of pregnancy, followed by a prescription for 100 mg aspirin in the case of abnormal Doppler findings.

DESIGN:

Multicentre randomised controlled trial.

SETTING:

Eleven centres in the north of France and one in Belgium.

POPULATION:

One thousand and eight hundred and fifty-three nulliparous women recruited between 14 and 20 weeks of gestation.

METHODS:

Randomisation either to undergo a uterine Doppler examination between 22 and 24 week of gestation or to take a placebo. Women with abnormal Doppler waveforms received 100 mg of aspirin daily from Doppler examination through 36 weeks.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Pre-eclampsia was defined as hypertension (> or = 140 and/or 90 mmHg) associated with proteinuria (> or = 0.5 g/L).

RESULTS:

One thousand two hundred and fifty-three women (67%) were randomised into the systematic Doppler group and 617 (33%) into the placebo group. Of the 1175 patients in the Doppler group who underwent this examination, 239 (20.3%) had abnormal uterine artery Doppler and received a prescription for aspirin. Despite the aspirin prescription, the frequency of pre-eclampsia did not differ between the systematic Doppler group and the placebo group (28 of 1237 [2.3%] vs 9 of 616 [1.5%]; RR = 1.55, 95% CI 0.7-3.3). Furthermore, the groups did not differ in the frequency of children who were very small for their gestational age (< or =3rd centile) or for perinatal deaths. Compared with patients with normal Doppler findings, those with abnormal Doppler were at high risk of pre-eclampsia (RR = 5.5, 95% CI 2.5-12.2) and of giving birth to a small-for-gestational-age child (RR = 3.6, 95% CI 1.6-8.1).

CONCLUSION:

Despite its sensitivity in screening for pre-eclampsia, routine uterine Doppler in the second trimester cannot be recommended for nulliparous patients.

PMID:
12742333
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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