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Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2003 Sep;285(3):L602-10. Epub 2003 May 9.

Surfactant protein A is a required mediator of keratinocyte growth factor after experimental marrow transplantation.

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  • 1Univ. of Minnesota, Dept. of Pediatrics, 420 Delaware St. S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.


We reported an association between the ability of recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor (rHuKGF) to upregulate the expression of surfactant protein A (SP-A) and to downregulate pulmonary inflammation that occurs after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). To establish a causal relationship, rHuKGF (5 mg/kg) was administered subcutaneously for three consecutive days before irradiation to SP-A-sufficient and -deficient [SP-A(+/+) and SP-A(-/-), respectively] mice given inflammation-inducing allogeneic spleen T cells at the time of BMT. In contrast with SP-A(+/+) mice, rHuKGF failed to suppress the high levels of TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, and nitric oxide contained in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids collected on day 7 after BMT from SP-A(-/-) mice. Early post-BMT weight loss was attenuated by rHuKGF in both SP-A(+/+) and SP-A(-/-) recipients. In the absence of supportive respiratory care, however, SP-A deficiency eventually abolished the ability of rHuKGF to prevent weight loss and to improve survival monitored for 1 mo after allogeneic BMT. In further experiments, the addition of cyclophosphamide (which is known to cause severe injury to the alveolar epithelium in donor T cell-recipient mice) to the conditioning regimen prevented rHuKGF-induced upregulation of SP-A and suppression of lung inflammation in both SP-A(+/+) and SP-A(-/-) mice. We conclude that endogenous baseline SP-A levels and optimal upregulation of SP-A are required for the anti-inflammatory protective effects of KGF after allogeneic transplantation.

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