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Chemosphere. 2003 Jul;52(2):289-97.

The diversity of naturally produced organohalogens.

Author information

  • Department of Chemistry, Dartmouth College, 6128 Burke Laboratory, Hanover, NH 03755-3564, USA. grib@dartmouth.edu

Abstract

More than 3800 organohalogen compounds, mainly containing chlorine or bromine but a few with iodine and fluorine, are produced by living organisms or are formed during natural abiogenic processes, such as volcanoes, forest fires, and other geothermal processes. The oceans are the single largest source of biogenic organohalogens, which are biosynthesized by myriad seaweeds, sponges, corals, tunicates, bacteria, and other marine life. Terrestrial plants, fungi, lichen, bacteria, insects, some higher animals, and even humans also account for a diverse collection of organohalogens.

PMID:
12738253
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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