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Pediatr Res. 2003 Aug;54(2):224-9. Epub 2003 May 7.

Abnormal glycosylation of red cell membrane band 3 in the congenital disorder of glycosylation Ig.

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  • 1Service d'Hématologie, d'Immunologie et de Cytogénétique, Hôpital de Bicêtre, 78 rue du Général-Leclerc; 94275 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.

Abstract

A description is provided of the clinical presentation in an infant of the recently described congenital disorder of glycosylation type Ig, and the changes affecting glycosylation of red cell membrane band 3, the anion exchanger. It has been shown that the condition stems from a homozygous mutation within the human ortholog of yeast ALG12 gene, which encodes a dolichol-P-mannose:Man7GlcNAc2-PP-dolichol alpha,1-6 mannosyltransferase of the endoplasmic reticulum. The clinical phenotype included prominent central and peripheral manifestations in the CNS. Although the infant studied had no anemia, band 3 abnormally separated into two fractions upon electrophoresis. The chemical composition of the glycans of both fractions was analyzed in detail. The fraction with low electrophoretic mobility was moderately hypoglycosylated (by 27%) and its mannose content was normal. The fraction with high electrophoretic mobility was deeply carbohydrate deficient (by 64%) and had 1 mol mannose in excess but only three residues of N-acetylglucosamine. Glycophorin A was hypoglycosylated with respect to O-linked glycans. Glycosphingolipids of red cells were normal. We suggest that the incomplete biosynthesis of the N-linked glycan of band 3 was largely caused by the persistence of the 3-linked mannose residue on the 6-mannose arm of the trimannosyl moiety of the glycoprotein. It is remarkable that the changes recorded in band 3 have no clinical consequences. Band 3 alteration might serve as an additional indicator (some serum N-glycoproteins of hepatic origin are also indicative) of the congenital disorder of glycosylation type Ig.

PMID:
12736397
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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