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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 May 23;305(1):166-8.

PAR-3 is a low-affinity substrate, high affinity effector of thrombin.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Rochester, MN 55905-0002, USA.


A polypeptide corresponding to the extracellular domain of protease-activated receptor 3 (PAR-3) is hydrolyzed by thrombin slowly because of high K(M) (>100 microM). However, thrombin is found to bind two PAR-3, one without catalyzing hydrolysis or blocking the active site, while the other is hydrolyzed. In a solvent lacking Na(+), hydrolysis of a nitroanilide substrate is enhanced 1.6-fold by addition of PAR-3 polypeptide, with half-saturation at 2.5 microM. In contrast, the fibrinogen clotting activity of thrombin is inhibited completely by PAR-3, with a K(I) of 3 microM. None of the activities of thrombin are affected by addition of 50 microM PAR-4 polypeptide. Thus, PAR-3 in low concentrations binds thrombin in a configuration that blocks the anion-binding exosite but not the catalytic site, while hydrolysis of PAR-3, PAR-4, and other substrates that do not interact with exosite I persists. The allosteric effect of PAR-3 is characteristic of that of Na(+).

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