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Blood. 2003 Aug 15;102(4):1367-73. Epub 2003 May 1.

Murine GPVI stimulates weak integrin activation in PLCgamma2-/- platelets: involvement of PLCgamma1 and PI3-kinase.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom. katsue.inoue@pharm.ox.ac.uk


Collagen stimulates platelet activation through a tyrosine kinase-based pathway downstream of the glycoprotein VI (GPVI)-Fc receptor (FcR) gamma-chain complex. Genetic ablation of FcR gamma-chain results in a complete inhibition of aggregation to collagen. In contrast, a steady increase in light transmission is induced by collagen in phospholipase Cgamma2-deficient (PLCgamma2-/-) platelets in a Born aggregometer, indicating a weak level of activation. This increase is inhibited partially in the presence of an alpha2beta1-blocking antibody or an alphaIIbbeta3 antagonist and completely by a combination of the 2 inhibitors. It is also abolished by the Src kinase inhibitor PP1 and reduced in the presence of the phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase inhibitor wortmannin. The GPVI-specific agonists convulxin and collagen-related peptide (CRP) also stimulate weak aggregation in PLCgamma2-/- platelets, which is inhibited by wortmannin and PP1. Collagen and CRP stimulate tyrosine phosphorylation of PLCgamma1 at its regulatory site, Tyr 783, in murine but not in human platelets through a Src kinase-dependent pathway. Adhesion of PLCgamma2-/- platelets to a collagen monolayer is severely reduced at a shear rate of 800 s-1, relative to controls, whereas it is abolished in FcR gamma-chain-/- platelets. These results provide strong evidence that engagement of GPVI stimulates limited integrin activation in PLCgamma2-/- platelets via PLCgamma1 and PI3-kinase.

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