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EMBO J. 2003 May 1;22(9):2255-63.

Functional interaction between PARP-1 and PARP-2 in chromosome stability and embryonic development in mouse.

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  • 1Unité 9003 du CNRS, Ecole Supérieure de Biotechnologie de Strasbourg, Boulevard Sébastien Brant, BP 10413, 67412 Illkirch Cedex, France.


The DNA damage-dependent poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases, PARP-1 and PARP-2, homo- and heterodimerize and are both involved in the base excision repair (BER) pathway. Here, we report that mice carrying a targeted disruption of the PARP-2 gene are sensitive to ionizing radiation. Following alkylating agent treatment, parp-2(-/-)-derived mouse embryonic fibroblasts exhibit increased post-replicative genomic instability, G(2)/M accumulation and chromosome mis-segregation accompanying kinetochore defects. Moreover, parp-1(-/-)parp-2(-/-) double mutant mice are not viable and die at the onset of gastrulation, demonstrating that the expression of both PARP-1 and PARP-2 and/or DNA-dependent poly(ADP-ribosyl) ation is essential during early embryogenesis. Interestingly, specific female embryonic lethality is observed in parp-1(+/-)parp-2(-/-) mutants at E9.5. Meta phase analyses of E8.5 embryonic fibroblasts highlight a specific instability of the X chromosome in those females, but not in males. Together, these results support the notion that PARP-1 and PARP-2 possess both overlapping and non-redundant functions in the maintenance of genomic stability.

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