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cDNAs encoding large venom proteins from the parasitoid wasp Pimpla hypochondriaca identified by random sequence analysis.

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  • 1Plant Health Group, Central Science Laboratory, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ, UK. n.parkinson@csl.gov.uk

Abstract

Venom from the parasitoid wasp Pimpla hypochondriaca contains numerous proteins, has potent in vitro anti-haemocytic properties, and disrupts host encapsulation responses. By sequencing 500 cDNAs randomly isolated from a venom gland library, we have identified 60 clones that encode proteins containing potential secretory signal sequences. To identify cDNAs encoding particular venom proteins, N-terminal amino acid sequences were determined for large (>30 kDa) venom proteins that had been separated using a combination of gel filtration and SDS-PAGE. We describe five of these cDNAs, which encoded residues that matched with the N-terminal sequences of previously undescribed venom proteins. cDNAs vpr1 and vpr3 encoded related proteins of approximately 32 kDa that were found in widely different fractions of gel filtration-separated venom. Neither vpr1 nor vpr3 were closely related to any other protein in the GenBank database, suggesting that they are highly specialised venom components. vpr2 encoded a 57-kDa polypeptide that was similar to a Drosophila protein, of unknown function, which lacks a signal sequence. A fourth clone, tre1, encoded a 61-kDa protein with extensive sequence similarity to trehalases. The 76-kDa sequence encoded by lac1 contained three regions which were very similar to histidine-rich copper-binding motifs, and could be aligned with the laccase from the fungus Coprinus cinereus. This study represents a significant step towards a holistic view of the molecular composition of a parasitoid wasp venom.

PMID:
12727301
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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