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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2003 May 2;1621(2):226-33.

Binding and protection of porphyrins by glutathione S-transferases of Zea mays L.

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  • 1Lehrstuhl für Physiologie und Biochemie der Pflanzen, Universität Konstanz, D-78457 Constance, Germany.


Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are multi-functional enzymes, known to conjugate xenobiotics and degrade peroxides. Herein, we report on the potential of four Zea mays GST isoforms (Zm GST I-I, Zm GST I-II, Zm GST II-II and Zm GST III-III) to act as binding and protection proteins. These isoforms bind protoporphyrin IX (PPIX), mesoporphyrin, coproporphyrin, uroporphyrin and Mg-protoporpyhrin, but do not form a glutathione conjugate. The binding is non-covalent and inhibits GSTs enzymatic activity, dependent on the type of the porphyrin and GST isoform tested. I(50) values are in the range of 1 to 10 microM for PPIX, the inhibition by mesoporphyrin and Mg-protoporphyrin (Mg-PPIX) is two to five times less. The mode of binding is non-competitive for the hydrophobic substrate and competitive for glutathione. Binding affinities (K(D) values) of the GST isoforms are between 0.3 and 0.8 microM for coproporphyrin and about 2 microM for mesoporphyrin.Zm GST III-III prevents the nonenzymatic autoxidation of protoporphyrinogen to the phytotoxic PPIX. Zm GST II-II can reduce the oxidative degradation of hemin. This points to a specific ligand role of distinct GST isoforms to protect tetrapyrroles in the plant cell.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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