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Br J Psychiatry. 2003 May;182:444-8.

Mental health of Kosovan Albanian refugees in the UK.

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  • 1Traumatic Stress Clinic, Traumatic Stress Clinic, Camden and Islington Mental Health and Social Care Trust, London, UK. s.turner@traumaclinic.org.uk



In 1999 the UK received 4346 refugees from Kosovo.


To determine the prevalence of mental health problems in this group.


A sample of 842 adults was surveyed. All were asked to complete self-report questionnaires (translated into Kosovan Albanian). A subset of 120 participants were later interviewed in Albanian using the Clinician Administered PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) Scale and a depression interview.


The study yielded estimates of prevalence of PTSD and depression. Self-report measures appear to overestimate the prevalence of these disorders. Just under half of the group surveyed had a diagnosis of PTSD and less than one-fifth had a major depressive disorder.


These results may be taken as a sign of the resilience of many who survived this conflict but they also imply that there is still a substantial need for good health and social care in a significant proportion. Psychosocial interventions are likely to be an important part of the treatment programme.

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