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Clin Nephrol. 2003 Apr;59(4):305-10.

Paecilomyces peritonitis: case report and review of the literature.

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  • 1Veterans Affairs Hospital, Hines, Illinois 60141, USA.


While filamentous fungi are a rare cause of peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients, there is increasing recognition of Paecilomyces species as pathogens in such patients. We herein report a case of fungal peritonitis secondary to the filamentous Paecilomyces variotii species. The patient had a long and ultimately fatal course of illness despite catheter removal, discontinuation of peritoneal dialysis, recurrent intraabdominal abscess drainage, and prolonged courses of antifungal therapy. Our experience with this case and a review of the literature suggests that infection with this fungus can cause substantial morbidity and is probably best treated with prompt catheter removal, aggressive antifungal therapy and vigilant observation for complications.

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