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Res Microbiol. 2003 Apr;154(3):165-71.

The phylum Nanoarchaeota: present knowledge and future perspectives of a unique form of life.

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  • 1Lehrstuhl für Mikrobiologie, Universität Regensburg, Universitätsstrasse 31, D-93053 Regensburg, Germany. harald.huber@biologie.uni-regensburg.de


The "Nanoarchaeota" are a novel archaeal phylum, forming a unique, deep branch in the 16S rRNA based phylogenetic tree of life. "Nanoarchaeum equitans", the first cultivated representative, is a hyperthermophilic, anaerobic nano-sized coccus with a genome size of about 490 kb. Growth occurs only in coculture with a new chemolithoautotrophic Ignicoccus species.

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