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J Biol Chem. 2003 Jun 27;278(26):23460-71. Epub 2003 Apr 18.

Feedback inhibition on cell wall integrity signaling by Zds1 involves Gsk3 phosphorylation of a cAMP-dependent protein kinase regulatory subunit.

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  • 1Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology, Institute of Botany and Microbiology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium.


We report here that budding yeast cAMP-dependent protein kinase (cAPK) is controlled by heat stress. A rise in temperature from 30 to 37 degrees C was found to result in both a higher expression and an increased cytoplasmic localization of its regulatory subunit Bcy1. Both of these effects required phosphorylation of serines located in its localization domain. Surprisingly, classic cAPK-controlled processes were found to be independent of Bcy1 phosphorylation, indicating that these modifications do not affect cAPK activity as such. Alternatively, phosphorylation may recruit cAPK to, and thereby control, a specific subset of (perhaps novel) cAPK targets that are presumably localized extranuclearly. Zds1 and Zds2 may play a role in this process, since these were found required to retain hyperphosphorylated Bcy1 in the cytoplasm at 37 degrees C. Mck1, a homologue of mammalian glycogen synthase kinase 3 and a downstream component of the heat-activated Pkc1-Slt2/Mpk1 cell wall integrity pathway, is partly responsible for hyperphosphorylations of Bcy1. Remarkably, Zds1 appears to act as a negative regulator of cell wall integrity signaling, and this activity is dependent in part on the phosphorylation status of Bcy1. Thus, Mck1 phosphorylation of Bcy1 and Zds1 may constitute an unprecedented negative feedback control on the cell wall integrity-signaling pathway.

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