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J Biol Chem. 2003 Jun 20;278(25):22453-9. Epub 2003 Apr 14.

A novel intracellular K+/H+ antiporter related to Na+/H+ antiporters is important for K+ ion homeostasis in plants.

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  • 1Departamento de Bioquímica, Biología Celular y Molecular de Plantas, Estación Experimental del Zaidín, CSIC, Apartado 419, 18080-Granada, Spain. kev@eez.csic.es

Abstract

In this study we have identified the first plant K+/H+ exchanger, LeNHX2 from tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. cv. Moneymaker), which is a member of the intracellular NHX exchanger protein family. The LeNHX2 protein, belonging to a subfamily of plant NHX proteins closely related to the yeast NHX1 protein, is abundant in roots and stems and is induced in leaves by short term salt or abscisic acid treatment. LeNHX2 complements the salt- and hygromycin-sensitive phenotype caused by NHX1 gene disruption in yeast, but affects accumulation of K+ and not Na+ in intracellular compartments. The LeNHX2 protein co-localizes with Prevacuolar and Golgi markers in a linear sucrose gradient in both yeast and plants. A histidine-tagged version of this protein could be purified and was shown to catalyze K+/H+ exchange but only minor Na+/H+ exchange in vitro. These data indicate that proper functioning of the endomembrane system relies on the regulation of K+ and H+ homeostasis by K+/H+ exchangers.

PMID:
12695519
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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