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Eur J Pharmacol. 2003 Apr 18;466(3):271-9.

Tolerance and inverse tolerance to the hyperalgesic and analgesic actions, respectively, of the novel analgesic, F 13640.

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  • 1Centre de Recherche Pierre Fabre, 17 Avenue Jean Moulin, 81106 Castres Cedex, France.

Abstract

5-HT(1A) receptor activation by the very-high-efficacy, selective 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist F 13640 [(3-Chloro-4-fluoro-phenyl)-[4-fluoro-4-([(5-methyl-pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-amino]-methyl)piperidin-1-yl]-methanone] was recently discovered to constitute a novel central mechanism of broad-spectrum analgesia that, remarkably, grows rather than decays with chronicity. However, in rodents not exposed to nociception, F 13640 induces its analgesic effect only after having initially induced hyperalgesia. Numerical simulations implementing a signal transduction theory here show that the progressive increase in the intensity of nociceptive stimulation which F 13640 presumably mimics should eventually produce a large analgesic effect without initially causing marked pain. In vivo studies examined the effects of progressively increasing doses of F 13640 on the threshold of mechanically induced vocalization and, also, on the 5-HT syndrome in rats. The infusion of increasing (0.04-0.63 mg/rat/day) doses of F 13640 over a 5-week period induced a large analgesia preceded by a hyperalgesic effect that was small and comparable to that induced by initial exposure to a low, 0.04 mg/rat/day dose. Furthermore, increasing the dose of F 13640 induced tachyphylaxis to the 5-HT syndrome. Producing the mirror opposite of morphine's neuroadaptive actions, F 13640 causes an analgesia that becomes more powerful with chronic administration, and this at the expense of the initial hyperalgesia which it may also produce.

PMID:
12694810
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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