Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2003 Apr;17(2):163-79.

Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and motility disorders.

Author information

  • 1Clinica Pediatrica di Varese, Universit√† dell'Insubria, Varese, Italy.


Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is a common phenomenon occurring at any age with a benign prognosis in the majority of cases, but requiring prompt evaluation and treatment when presenting with alarm symptoms or when persisting. Complications of GOR disease (GORD) may be severe. This chapter will discuss the epidemiology, natural course, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic and therapeutic approach towards GORD and motility disorders according to different ages. Similarities and differences between infants, children and adults will be highlighted. The superior efficacy and safety of proton pump inhibitors have recently changed the diagnostic and therapeutic recommendations in adults, and possible indications in children are discussed. Only in patients unresponsive to optimal medical treatment are further investigations to exclude other aetiologies for GORD needed (e.g. eosinophilic oesophagitis in infants, scleroderma in adults). Special patient groups such as those with congenital malformations (e.g. oesophageal atresia) are not considered, whereas neurological, respiratory and allergy-affected patients as well as Helicobacter pylori infection are briefly discussed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk