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Cancer Lett. 2003 Mar 31;192(2):181-7.

Relationship between dendritic cells and the D-fraction-induced Th-1 dominant response in BALB/c tumor-bearing mice.

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  • 1Department of Microbial Chemistry, Kobe Pharmaceutical University, 4-19-1, Motoyama-kitamachi, Higashinada-ku, 658-8558, Kobe, Japan.


Dendritic cells (DCs) are known to not only induce the activation of T cells, but are also associated with the differentiation of T cells. The D-fraction, a beta-glucan extracted from maitake (Grifola frondosa) which expresses anti-tumor effects by establishing a helper (Th)-1 dominance in BALB/c mice, enhanced IL-12p70 production by DCs, when the ratio of CD8alpha(+) DCs to CD8alpha(-) DCs increased. In addition, examination of the tumor rejection effect of D-fraction-stimulated DCs loaded with tumor antigen revealed that tumor growth is inhibited completely by activating CD4(+) T cells and CD8(+) T cells.

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