Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2003 Apr;58(4):265-9.

Effect of lactation on maternal body weight: a systematic review.

Author information

  • 1Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA.

Abstract

The impact of lactation on maternal weight after delivery remains unclear. To address this question, we performed a systematic review of the literature. We searched PubMed, POPLINE, EMBASE, and LILACS computerized databases for relevant articles and classified the evidence using the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force rating system. We found 42 studies, of which 28 contained relevant information: 15 prospective cohort studies, 1 retrospective cohort study, 1 cross-sectional study, and 11 case-series reports. The methods used in these studies varied widely, thus precluding aggregation of results. Level II-2 and III evidence supports a class "C" recommendation: insufficient evidence exists to support an effect of lactation on maternal weight after delivery. Better longitudinal studies with a clear definition of breast-feeding; clear, specific outcome measures; study periods extending 1 or 2 years after delivery; and better control of potentially confounding factors will be needed to resolve this question.

TARGET AUDIENCE:

Obstetricians & Gynecologists, Family Physicians.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:

After completion of this article, the reader will be able to compile the literature on the effect of lactation on maternal weight, to compare the various studies, and to summarize the data on the effect of lactation on maternal weight gain.

PMID:
12665706
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk