Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Virol. 2003 Apr;77(8):4695-702.

Global dysfunction of CD4 T-lymphocyte cytokine expression in simian-human immunodeficiency virus/SIV-infected monkeys is prevented by vaccination.

Author information

  • 1Division of Viral Pathogenesis, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.


Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection results in a dysfunction of CD4(+) T lymphocytes. The intracellular events contributing to that CD4(+) T-lymphocyte dysfunction remain incompletely elucidated, and it is unclear whether aspects of that dysfunction can be prevented. The present studies were pursued in a rhesus monkey model of AIDS to explore these issues. Loss of the capacity of peripheral blood CD4(+) T lymphocytes to express cytokines was first detected in simian immunodeficiency virus-infected monkeys during the peak of viral replication during primary infection and persisted thereafter. Moreover, infected monkeys with progressive disease had peripheral blood CD4(+) T lymphocytes that expressed significantly less cytokine than infected monkeys that had undetectable viral loads and intact CD4(+) T-lymphocyte counts. Importantly, CD4(+) T lymphocytes from vaccinated monkeys that effectively controlled the replication of a highly pathogenic immunodeficiency virus isolate following a challenge had a preserved functional capacity. These observations suggest that an intact cytokine expression capacity of CD4(+) T lymphocytes is associated with stable clinical status and that effective vaccines can mitigate against CD4(+) T-lymphocyte dysfunction following an AIDS virus infection.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk