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Mol Psychiatry. 2003 Mar;8(3):309-15.

Biased paternal transmission of SNAP-25 risk alleles in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

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  • 1Department of Human Genetics, UCLA School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, USA.

Abstract

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common childhood psychiatric disorder, affecting 5-10% of school-age children. Although the biological basis of this disorder is unknown, twin and family studies provide strong evidence that ADHD has a genetic basis involving multiple genes. A previous study found an association between ADHD and two polymorphisms in the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of SNAP-25, a gene encoding a synaptic vesicle docking protein known to play a role in the hyperactivity observed in the Coloboma mouse strain. In this paper, we test biased transmission of the 3' UTR SNAP-25 haplotype using a larger ADHD sample of 113 families with 207 affected children. Using the transmission disequilibrium test (TDT), we found a trend consistent with biased transmission of the TC haplotype of SNAP-25 in all transmissions and detected a significant distortion (P=0.027) when paternal transmissions were evaluated.

PMID:
12660803
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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