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Drugs. 2003;63(7):701-30.

Peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) plus ribavirin: a review of its use in the management of chronic hepatitis C.

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  • 1Adis International Limited, Auckland, New Zealand. demail@adis.co.nz

Abstract

Pegylation of interferon-alpha-2a is associated with improved sustained virological response rates in patients with chronic hepatitis C. Subsequently, combination therapy with peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) [Pegasys] and ribavirin (Copegus trade mark, Rebetol) was investigated to establish if the efficacy of peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) monotherapy could be further enhanced. Subcutaneous peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) was administered at a dosage of 180 micro g once weekly and oral ribavirin was usually administered at a dosage of 1000 or 1200 mg/day. In treatment-naive patients with chronic hepatitis C, the sustained virological response rate (assessed 24 weeks after the end of a 48-week treatment period) was significantly higher in peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) plus ribavirin recipients than in peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) plus placebo recipients or interferon-alpha-2b plus ribavirin recipients (56% vs 29% and 44%). Retrospective analysis revealed that peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) plus ribavirin recipients who did not achieve an early virological response were unlikely to achieve a sustained response. Treatment with peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) plus another antiviral agent (ribavirin, mycophenolate mofetil, amantadine, or ribavirin and amantadine) was beneficial in patients with chronic hepatitis C who had relapsed during or after, or had not responded to, treatment with interferon-alpha-2b plus ribavirin. In the relapse study, sustained virological response rates in recipients of peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) plus ribavirin were 45% with and 38% without amantadine. Peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) plus ribavirin appears beneficial in patients with chronic hepatitis C considered difficult to treat (e.g. patients infected with hepatitis C virus genotype 4, African-American patients, patients with advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis and patients co-infected with HIV). Flu-like symptoms and depression occurred significantly less frequently with peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) plus ribavirin than with interferon-alpha-2b plus ribavirin. Similar proportions of patients receiving peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) plus ribavirin, peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) plus placebo and interferon-alpha-2b plus ribavirin withdrew from treatment because of laboratory abnormalities or other adverse events. In conclusion, combination therapy comprising subcutaneous peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) and oral ribavirin is an important new treatment option for chronic hepatitis C. Peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) plus oral ribavirin is significantly more effective than peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) monotherapy or interferon-alpha-2b plus ribavirin at inducing a sustained virological response in treatment-naive patients with chronic hepatitis C. Preliminary data suggest that peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) plus ribavirin is also beneficial in treatment-experienced patients and in patients who have traditionally been considered difficult to treat. Combination therapy with peginterferon-alpha-2a (40kD) and oral ribavirin is poised to become a valuable first-line treatment option in chronic hepatitis C.

PMID:
12656650
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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