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Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Apr 1;36(7):909-16. Epub 2003 Mar 20.

Prediction of coronary heart disease risk in HIV-infected patients with fat redistribution.

Author information

  • 1Program in Nutritional Metabolism, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA. chadigan@partners.org

Abstract

A metabolic syndrome has been described among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy; the syndrome is characterized by fat redistribution, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia. We compared the 10-year coronary heart disease (CHD) risk estimates for 91 HIV-infected men and women with fat redistribution with the risk estimates for 273 age-, sex-, and body mass index (BMI)-matched subjects enrolled in the Framingham Offspring Study. Thirty HIV-infected patients without fat redistribution were also compared with 90 age- and BMI-matched control subjects. The 10-year CHD risk estimate was significantly elevated among HIV-infected patients with fat redistribution, particularly among men; however, when they were matched with control subjects by waist-to-hip ratio, the 10-year CHD risk estimate did not significantly differ between groups. HIV-infected patients without fat redistribution did not have a greater CHD risk estimate than did control subjects. In addition, the CHD risk estimate was greatest in HIV-infected patients who had primary lipoatrophy, compared with those who had either lipohypertrophy or mixed fat redistribution. Therefore, although CHD risk is increased in HIV-infected patients with fat redistribution, the pattern of fat distribution and sex are potential important components in determining the risk in this population.

PMID:
12652392
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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