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Tree Physiol. 1999 Apr;19(4_5):229-234.

Photosynthetic acclimation to elevated atmospheric CO(2) concentration in the Florida scrub-oak species Quercus geminata and Quercus myrtifolia growing in their native environment.

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  • 1National Research Council, Mail Code JJ-G, Kennedy Space Center, FL 32899, USA.

Abstract

Long-term effects of elevated CO(2) concentration (ambient plus 350 &mgr;mol mol(-1)) on leaf photosynthetic acclimation of two species of a scrub-oak community, Quercus myrtifolia Willd. and Quercus geminata Small, were studied. Plants of both species were grown in open-top chambers in their natural habitat at Kennedy Space Center, Florida, USA. Compared to ambient CO(2), elevated CO(2) stimulated photosynthetic rates by 73 and 51% for Q. geminata and Q. myrtifolia, respectively. Maximum rate of carboxylation (V(cmax)) was significantly reduced by elevated CO(2) in Q. myrtifolia (28%) but not in Q. geminata. Maximum rate of potential electron transport (J(max)) was not significantly reduced by elevated CO(2) in either species. In response to elevated CO(2), specific leaf area decreased in Q. myrtifolia (22%), but not in Q. geminata. Elevated CO(2) caused a significant accumulation of sugars (54%) and starch (264%) in Q. myrtifolia leaves, but not in Q. geminata leaves. Total Rubisco activity in Q. myrtifolia leaves was reduced 40% by elevated CO(2), whereas no significant reduction occurred in Q. geminata leaves. Although both species share a common habitat, they exhibited marked differences in photosynthetic acclimation to elevated CO(2) concentration.

PMID:
12651565
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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