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Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2003 Jul;285(1):G96-104. Epub 2003 Mar 19.

Role of 5-HT1B/D receptors in canine gastric accommodation: effect of sumatriptan and 5-HT1B/D receptor antagonists.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Bologna, Via Irnerio 48, I-40126 Bologna, Italy. deponti@biocfarm.unibo.it


The 5-HT1B/D receptor agonist sumatriptan has been proposed to treat dyspeptic symptoms, because it facilitates gastric accommodation. It is unknown whether stimulation of 5-HT1B/D receptors is involved. Thus, in four conscious dogs, we compared the effects of sumatriptan alone or combined with N-[4-methoxy-3-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl) phenyl]-2'-methyl-4'-(5-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)-[1,1-biphenyl]-4-carboxamide hydrocloride (GR-127935), N-[3-[3 (dimethylamino)-ethoxy]-4-methoxyphenyl]-2'-[methyl-4'-(5-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)]-[1,1-biphenyl]-4-carboxamide hydrocloride (SB-216641 hydrochloride), or 3-[4-(4-chloro-phenyl)piperazin-1-yl]-1,1-diphenyl-2-propanol hydrochloride (BRL-15572 hydrochloride) (respectively, nonselective 5-HT1B/D, selective 5-HT1B, and selective 5-HT1D receptor antagonists) on gastric accommodation to isobaric distensions performed with a barostat. An exponential and a linear model were used to fit the pressure-volume relationship. An exponential equation fitted the data better than a linear equation. Sumatriptan (800 nmol/kg iv) induced an immediate gastric relaxation (Deltavolume: 112 +/- 44 ml, P < 0.05). After sumatriptan, the pressure-volume curve was shifted toward significantly higher volumes. This effect was fully reversed by GR-127935 or SB-216641 but not by BRL-15572. In conclusion, 5-HT1B receptors seem to play an important role in modulating gastric accommodation to a distending stimulus. An exponential model for pressure-volume curves fits well with the concept of gastric adaptive relaxation.

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