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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Mar 28;303(1):137-9.

A role of the Duffy antigen for the maintenance of plasma chemokine concentrations.

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  • 1Laboratory of Developmental Biochemistry, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 3-1, 7-Chome, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.


We examined plasma chemokine concentrations and chemokine clearance rates in Duffy antigen knockout mice. The plasma concentrations of eotaxin and MCP-1 in Duffy antigen knockout mice were less than one-third of those in wild-type mice. When eotaxin or hMGSA was intravenously injected, the chemokine disappeared more rapidly from the plasma of Duffy antigen knockout mice than from the plasma of wild-type mice. The half-lives of hIP-10 and interferon-gamma, which do not have an affinity for the Duffy antigen, in plasma were indistinguishable between Duffy antigen knockout mice and wild-type mice. These results suggest that the Duffy antigen delays the disappearance of chemokines from the plasma, resulting in the maintenance of plasma chemokine concentrations.

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