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Transplantation. 2003 Mar 15;75(5):579-86.

Prevention of ischemia-reperfusion-induced hepatic microcirculatory disruption by inhibiting stellate cell contraction using rock inhibitor.

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  • 1Second Department of Surgery, Hiroshima University, Faculty of Medicine, Hiroshima, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We demonstrated that hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) isolated from rat livers exposed to warm ischemia are significantly contractile when compared with HSCs from intact rat livers. This suggests that ischemia-reperfusion (IR)-induced impairment of sinusoidal microcirculation results, at least in part, from contraction of HSCs.

METHODS:

Rho-associated coiled-coil forming protein serine/threonine kinase (ROCK) is one of the key regulators of HSCs motility. Therefore we investigated whether Y-27632, a p160ROCK-specific inhibitor, has beneficial effects on warm IR injury in an in vivo rat partial liver IR model and a rat orthotopic liver transplantation model.

RESULTS:

After reperfusion following 90 min of warm ischemia, livers in untreated control rats had persistent congestion and impaired mitochondrial respiration, as demonstrated by increasing deoxy-hemoglobin and reduced cytochrome oxidase contents in the hepatic tissues using in vivo near-infrared spectroscopy. Serum levels of transaminase and endothelin (ET)-1 in these rats were markedly increased 1 hr after reperfusion. In contrast, when Y-27632 (3-30 mg/kg) was administered orally, hepatic tissue contents of deoxy-hemoglobin and cytochrome oxidase rapidly normalized. In such animals, the elevation of serum transaminase levels, but not that of ET-1 levels, was significantly suppressed. This is consistent with in vitro data demonstrating that Y-27632 causes HSCs to undergo relaxation even in the presence of ET-1. Moreover, in a rat orthotopic liver transplantation model, Y-27632 pretreatment dramatically improved the survival of recipients with liver grafts subjected to 45 min of warm ischemia.

CONCLUSIONS:

Y-27632 attenuates IR-induced hepatic microcirculation disruption by inhibiting contraction of HSCs.

PMID:
12640293
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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